Many of my clients say that they have not reviewed their own vehicle policy for years. They say that they just pay the premium every time it comes up and don’t really look at the coverage. Many people had the same insurance agent or agency for 10, 15 even 25 years.

What kind of insurance coverage you have is extremely important these days. Your policy coverage could make the difference in your ability to deal with injuries to yourself or to others without ending in bankruptcy. It is a good idea to review your policy with your attorney on a regular basis. You should be clear on the different types of automobile insurance coverage, why you should carry insurance, what types of insurance you should consider carrying and the policy limits you should consider.

Liability insurance is a type of insurance coverage that will pay damages that you might be found responsible for in the event that you are involved in an accident or your automobile is involved in an accident even if you weren’t driving.

Virtually every state requires a minimum amount of liability insurance but the required coverage is usually pretty low. To be safe you need to buy additional coverage to protect your assets. While liability insurance can be the most expensive part of an automobile insurance policy it can end up saving you a lot of money, a lot of time and a lot of heartache or worry in the future.

In Maryland and the District of Columbia, you should also include Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverage on your policy and if you live in Virginia, you should purchase Medical Payment (Med-Pay) coverage. This can help pay your medical bills if you are in an accident, without regard to whose fault the accident was.

An insurance policy is a contract that you make with the insurance company. The insurance contract provides you with certain coverages or protections in return for your payment of an insurance premium. Most insurance company contracts allow the insurance carrier to control the investigation, handling and payment of any claims that may be made against you.

The company will ultimately pay for any damages you cause up to the limits of the policy. If you have a minimum limits policy, say $30,000 liability coverage, that is the most that the insurance carrier will pay regardless of the amount of damages you cause. If you cause $50,000 worth of damages from an accident the insurance company is still only going to pay $30,000 and you will be responsible for the rest. It is quite possible in today’s world for one emergency room visit and one night in hospital to cost $30,000. Any serious injury that causes a person to be unable to work for any period of time or need surgery will add additional damages.

You should discuss with your insurance agent the amount of insurance liability coverage that you would need to protect assets like your savings account, 401(k), vacation home, or things like that in the event that you were involved in an accident and found responsible for the damages.

Along with the responsibility to pay for any damages that you might accidentally cause, up to your policy limit, the insurance carrier also has a duty to defend you if a claim is made against you or you are sued for damages. It is quite possible and in fact is often the case that both parties to an accident blame each other for the damages resulting from the accident. Even though the dispute may ultimately be resolved in your favor, you could still spend a lot of money hiring a lawyer to represent you in the claims made against you. If you have liability insurance coverage your insurance carrier will hire a defense lawyer or law firm to defend you.

Please remember that if you have low liability policy limits, the insurance carrier would be tempted to try to cut its losses by paying disputed claims even though you may not believe you were at fault. If the damages claimed against you exceed the amount of your insurance coverage, then your insurance carrier will likely put you on notice that you need to hire your own attorney to represent you on the amount of damages claimed that is in excess of your liability coverage.

The bottom line is that the minimum liability limits required by law are probably not enough to cover you in any sort of serious accident and you should get increased insurance coverage if you are able to.

An insurance liability policy may divide liability coverage into bodily injury liability and property damage liability. Bodily injury liability includes injuries even fatal ones which you or an insured driver in your vehicle cause to someone else. And property damage liability covers damage that you or your automobile cause to someone else’s property such as other cars, fences, buildings, lampposts etc. Most states require bodily injury liability coverage but may not require property damage liability coverage separately from the bodily injury accident coverage.

In short you should talk to your insurance agent about the type and amount of insurance that you carry and make sure you carry enough liability insurance so that you will not have to sell your property or cash in your 401(k) to pay damages you accidentally cause someone else or cause to someone else’s property.

If you’ve been injured in an accident, call attorney Bruce Blaylock. You can reach us toll free at 888-215-2968, or fill out a free online consultation form.